Chadwell Heritage: a family history
The following was taken from “Chadwell Heritage: a family history” by Mary Wolfinbarger Braun and Sharon Chadwell Phillips. Printed 1973. 8/20/1973 HBW
This was pertinent to the Chadwell History, in that MARY GROSS married JACOB SCHULTZ, father of JACOB SCHULTZ who married LOUISIANA CLOUD, daughter of MARY CHADWELL and BENJAMIN F. CLOUD.
JACOB and SABINA GROSS came from Germany. They settled in Rockingham County, North Carolina and then came to Sullivan County, Tennessee in 1789 and then to Claiborne County, Tennessee, which is just NW of Knoxville, Tennessee. Jacob was a weaver by trade. Their children were:
1. JOHN GROSS moved from Claiborne County to Alabama.
2. CATHERINE GROSS married ABRAHAM DEVAULT
3. DAVID GROSS moved from Guilford County, N.C. to Sullivan County, Indiana. His eldest daughter married a Rankin and moved to Monmouth, Illinois. Their children were Emma Rankin who married a Throther; David Rankin who was a banker in Monmouth, and James Rankin.
4. CONRAD GROSS
5. MARY GROSS married Jacob Schultz
6. ELIZABETH GROSS married Henry Devault
7. GEORGE B. GROSS married
8. SOLOMON GROSS
9. JACOB GROSS
10. JONATHON GROSS
11. SEVENDER GROSS married Lillian Ingle
MARTIN SCHULTZ m. _______ STANZ. Moved from York County, PA to Orange County, NC and from there to Sullivan County, TN. He Was in the Battle of King's Mountain, serving as a surgeon under Colonels Shelby and Campbell. Buried at Lynchburg, VA. <Much More on Dr. Martin Schultz>
1. Jacob m. Mary Gross
2. Valentine, moved from Ray County, TN to Bibb County, AL.
3. David, lived in KY
5. Martin b. 1770 m. Barbara Emmert. Martin died in 1846. They are buried in Emmert Cove Cemetery in Sevier County, TN
MARY GROSS married JACOB SCHULTZ. Their childern were:
1. ELIZABETH SCHULTZ married _______ HILL
2. DAVID SCHULTZ married OLIVIA LANE
3. CATHERINE SCHULTZ, b. 2-7-1794, Tazewell, Tenn. married CONRAD HANSON, b. 11-11-1798 d. Tower Hill, Illinois 4-15-1853. They were married 4-15-1818. After death of CONRAD, CATHERINE moved to Severy, Kansas. Children eligible for DAR on HANSON side.
4. GEORGE B. SCHULTZ, b. 1798, married MARY WIRD, b. 1802
5. JACOB SCHULTZ, JR. married LOUSIANA CLOUD
6. JOHN SCHULTZ, died as a child
7. HENRY SCHULTZ, died as a child
8. MARTIN SCHULTZ married NILE HAYES
9. JOAB SCHULTZ married HATTIE MILLER, moved to Springfield, MO.
10. SARAH SCHULTZ married JOHN NEIL
11. MAHULDA SCHULTZ married BENJIMAN F. CLOUD, JR. Claiborne County, Tennessee.
1. Martin VanBuren b. 1832 m. Margaret Dunsmore, daughter of William Dunsmore. Divorced her in 1857. He then married ________ Martin of Handcock County in November 1858. click for more information
2. George B. Jr., b. 1842 m. ______ Stone, daughter of Thomas Stone & ______ Harper, daughter of Willis Harper.
3. Jacob P. (Dr.), b. 1834 m. a girl in Minden, LA where he died after living there for some time.
4. Emmeline, b. 1823 m. Jack Chadwell, who was reared as the son of David Chadwell, Sr. He came from Lee County & settled on Walden's Ridge, 2 miles north of Tazewell, TN.
a. Alexander M. Chadwell
b. Franklin Chadwell, b. 1844, m. Mara Robinson. Her mother was daughter of Mark Hurst.
c. Mary Chadwell, b. 1846, m. James McKeehan, whose mother was a Rose, went to Texas
d. Andrew Chadwell b. 1852
e. Jacob R. Chadwell b. 1855
5. Sarah m. a Willis
** Among random notes were letters from "Barthena Ritter" in 1868 from Madison County, IL to cousin Hulda Schultz. She speaks of "Uncle Dave, Alec Chadwell, and Jake Schultz". A grandson of George B., David M. Schultz, married a daughter of Fanny & Isaac Hurst. George B. Schultz speaks of a granddaugher, "Sary L. Schultz", who married Boston Scott. These notes weere found among letters of Alexander Moore Cloud and also given to me by Col. Cloud Carter of Tyler, TX – mwb Click for more information
JACOB SCHULTZ JR. b. 6-30-1799 m. LOUISIANA CLOUD, daughter of Benjamin F. Cloud and Mary Chadwell Middleton Cloud. Louisiana was born in Lee County, Virginia 8-27-1812. Jacob and Louisiana were married 10-8-1835 by Rev. Nathan Hobbs. Louisiana died 4-17-1884
Jacob Schultz was a merchant for many years in Claiborne County. He moved his family to Springfield, Green County, Missouri where he had estabished a fine large farm at the beginning of the Civil War. When the call to arms sounded, he followed the Confederates to Texas where provisional headquarters were set up. His wife and children, with the exception of Alexander and Benjamin F. were left to care for the farm. When the northern armies swept through Missouri, they set fire to everything but one cabin, chased off the Negro slaves, and confiscated all of the livestock. In the last part of the War, Jacob returned home, driven there by a friend in a wagon, and so ill that he died within two days and was buried before his two boys, Hugh and William, could see him. Both boys were in Sedelia on business. Benjamin F. Schultz remained in Texas aafter the war, but eventually returned to Springfield to help his mother re-stock her farm. Alexander was lost in the War and never heard from again.
The life of Louisiana Schultz, this gallent woman, unused to hard labor and vicissitudes of frontier life, is well illustrated in her letters written during the War. She died in Springfield, Missouri and is buried in Maple Hill Cemetery there.
1. Elizabeth Cloud Schultz, b. 2-18-1837, Tazewell, Tenn., m. William Norfleet, b. 3-10-1826 in Wayne County, Kentucky, son of David and Elizabeth Shackleford Norfleet who emigrated to Polk county, Missouri in 1838. William S. Norfleet then came to Springfield in 1844 and studied medicine under his uncle, Dr. Gabriel Shackleford. He suffered greatly during the War and was kept a prisoner for a week in the Springfield Courthouse. He was married to Elizabeth Cloud on 5-13-1858. William was a mason and a member of the ME Church. The History of Green County spoke of him "Mr. Norfleet is one of the Springfield's most affluent citizens and a thorough gentlemen." His father died in Texas in 1868 and his mother died at Ebenezer Campground in 1862 at the age of 45. William was the eldest of four sons and he and Elizabeth had seven children. Five of them lived, three sons and two daughters. We have not been able to trace any of the Norfleet children.
2. Alexander Schultz, b. 1840, lost in Civil War.
3. Benjamin Franklin Schultz, b. 2-12-1842 near Sycamore Creek, 5 miles east of Tazewell, d. 1915, m. Eliza J. Johnson.
4. William M. Schultz, b. 12-7-1845, in Claiborne County, Tennessee, m. Louisa E. Payne, b. Green County, daughter of Jacob Payne (This Jacob Payne may have been Jacob W. Payne of Greene County, Tn. Was not related to descendants of Reuben Payne, my line. My line of Payne's remained loyal to the Union), one of the early settlers of Green County. William Schultz moved to Missouri with his parents in 1858. In Feb. 1863, he enlisted in the Confederate Army, joining Capt. Brown's Company and Marmeduke's Division. Subsequent to this, he was on Gen. Polignac's escort and still later was transferred to Waller's Texas Regiment. Returning to his Greene County farm, he was a stock raiser and farmer and owned two hundred acres of fine land. William and Lou were married 6-4-1881. From a history of Green County, Missouri 1883, "Mr. Schultz is one of the steady substantial men of the county and does well his part in life as a farmer." William d. 1-14-1933
5. Hugh G. Schultz, b. 1864, m. Emily _____
6. Mary Ann Schultz, b. 1855, m. _______ Hanson
7. Louisiana Schultz, b. 6-24-1855 in Tennessee, died 12-11-1932 in Springfield. Married ______ Cooper.
Benjamin Franklin Schultz (Jacob Jr., Jacob Sr., Martin) "Merchant and druggest", was born on Sycamore Creek in Claiborne County, Tennessee, five miles southeast of Tazewell, Feb. 23, 1842, the son of Jacob and Louisiana (Cloud) Schultz; of German and Scotch-Irish origin, the former born in this county in 1799 and deceased in Greene County, Missouri in 1865 and the latter in Lee County, Virginia in 1812 and deceased in Greene County in 1884. They lived in Claiborne County until 1858, when they removed to near Springfield, Missouri and engaged in agricultural pursuits with success until the breaking out of hostilities between the sections, when they retired South with their family.
Jacob Schultz Sr., the grandfather, came from Germany before the Revolution with his parents and settled in Virginia, and then was among the first settlers of Claiborne County, whilst the red man still occupied the country. Our subject, the third of seven children, grew up in Claiborne County, assisting his father's store and labored on the farm until the first call to arms, when at the age of nineteen, he entered Capt. Campbell's Company of Missouri State Guards, commanded by General Sterling Price on June 1, 1861, taking part in the battle of Oak Hills and many other engagements in the state service until the army fell back from behind the Osage to Neosho, where the Legislature assembled, and on the 28th day of Oct. 1862, the state severed its connection with the Federal Union. After this the Missouri troops were mustered into the regular Confederate service and he became a member of Campany (A) Third Missouri Cavalry, commanded by Col. Calton Green of Marmaduke's division, operating and taking part in the state of MO, KS, AR, LA, and the Indian Territory, and taking part in the battles of Pea Ridge, Helena, Little Rock, and Jenkin's Ferry. He was wounded in one of the battles, suffering the loss of an eye. He accompanied General Price on his great raid through Missouri and Kansas in the fall of 1864, and then returned with the army through Indian Territory. He accompanied General Price to Louisiana where he remained until the last organization of the Confederate Army of the Trans-Mississippi Department had surrendered.
He then went to navarro County, TX and engaged in the carrying trade between Millican and Dallas for about two years to it's repair, it's having been ruined by the lawless Kansas robbers under Jim Lane. In 1868, he returned to Tazewell, and for about four years sold goods for S.C. & J. and then for thirteen years following, he was a partner with J.W. Devine in the mercantile business, until 1885 when J.W. Devine withdrew from the firm.
On April 30, 1872, he married to Eliza J. Johnson, daughter of Col. Thomas J. Johnson & Eliza J. Johnson (nee Graham) the latter born in County Tyrone, Ireland with her ancestors fled from Scotland on account of their complicity I some of the rebellions, in which their property was taken by the crown. Of three sons and two daughers, the eldest daughter is deceased. Our subject is a Democrat and he and his wife are Presbyterians. He was a Postmaster and Cumberland Gap in 1894.*
*From old copy of Tennessee History published in Claiborne County, Tennessee.
Children of Benjamin and Eliza:
1. Lulu died at age 6
2. Wade Graham m. Minnie Hughes
3. Jacob Shultz (Dr.) m. Sue Bailey
4. Thomas Johnson m. Minnie Ferguson
a. Ferguson Schultz, RPh, drowned
b. Hilda Schultz, m. Guy Harrel
1. Guy Harrel
c. Athene Schultz
d. Evelyn Schultz
5. Lizzie Norfleet, b. 4-1-1885, m. Sterling Robert Robinson
a. Benjamin Henry Robinson, RPh, b.ca. 1904, d. 1948, m. Ethel Turner
1. Joseph Turner Robinson
b. Jacob Baylor Robinson (known as "Bob"), m. Alto Mae Greer.
Sgt. In the Tennessee Highway Patrol from its forming in 1932 until 1941 when he was killed in an ambush of union picket lines of miners during the days of "Bloody Harlen". Also killed was Charles Wesley Rhodes, the President of American Association the English Company that was originally financed Boone in his land ventures.
1. William Jacob Robinson, b. 7-22-1926, m. Eliza Woods
(1.) Roger Woods Robinson
(2.) Beth Robinson
2. Jane Baylor Robinson, b. 11-7-1928, m. Robert Cavalier
(1.) Candy Cavalier
(2.) James Cavalier
3. Robert Sterling Robinson, b. 8-31-1930, m. Joyce Odom, b. 11-30-1934
Rob is RPh and has is own drug store in Mascot, Tennessee. He attended high school at Berea, KY and after four years in USMC, graduated from U. of Tenn School of Pharmacy.
(1.) Robert Sterling Robinson Jr. b. 7-4-1952
(2.) Katrina Marie Robinson b. 6-20-1957
(3.) William Dale Robinson b. 7-25-1958
(4.) Margaret Ann Robinson b. 5-6-1964
(5.) Alta Joyce Robinson b. 11-21-1967
4. Rhodes Wesley Robinson, b. 6-12-1929 m. Brenda ______
(1.) Lana Robinson, b. 1962
(2.) Todd Robinson, b. 1964
c. Schultz Robinson, b. 1909, d. 1940, m. Lucy Rose
P. 158 & 159
I. Elizabeth Kate Robinson, m. Lloyd Moyers
(1) Carolyn Moyers
6. WILLIAM BENJAMIN, Rph
7. JOSIE GIBSON, m. Alonzo Yoakum, Rph, Middlesboro, KY.
a. Alonzo Thomas Yoakum, Rph
Benjamin F. Schultz was a man of great intelligence and sensitivity, and it would be a disservice to publish a book without including some of his writings taken from his diary of 1871, written while he was living in Tazewell. He had a tremendous grasp of international affairs, and he prophesied trouble and perhaps war with Russia in his writing of January 7, 1871 as follows:
"1 a.m., mail came in from Cumberland Gap. Stage turned over down Coumberland Mountain, but no one hurt. I arose at 5 a.m. thinking it day, the moon shining so brightly. Morning clear-- cloudy by noon -- looking very much like snow. Reports from the seat of Mar are bad. The attitude of Russia toward Turkey is threatening. It may be, however, that if the present Great Briton and -- stand firm, the Northern Bear may be connnvinced that the hour to strike is not yet. But the Bear will make the attempt sooner or later, and he is only biding his time. Strong as is Russia's intention to seize Constantinople, the key to the Orient, as the next stop is continental dominion, just as strong is England's that he shall not possess this key to the East and her possessions in India. Betwixt these two great powers, Russia and England whose power girdles the world, whose fleets phough every sea and whose drum-beats heralds the dawn through the entire circuit of the sun, there is yet to be a conflict in which will be involved the whole of Europe and possibly America. This will be such a war as the world has ever seen, and one that must pale the terrors of the Franco-Prussian War, and the great struggles of past battles fade into insignificance. The result of this great war, no mortal can have the least conception."
His quick mind could change and describe the beauties of nature in the mountains around Tazewell as well as write of internation affairs. On another page of his diary, he writes:
"Mr. Word bringing out his telescope or field glass, we took an enlarged view of the country making everything look fearfully near, bringing the hills and mountains almost within our grasp. Then reversing the instrument, the whole face of nature was changed into a distant scenery, not at all like seen before the natural eye, but more like that of a finely executed oil painting of some distant scenery -- the mountains looming up in the background marking the horizon with a long blue undulating lines above and beyond which ….. light fleecy cloud of an auriferous dye. The whole landscape seemed as though it was painted on canvas, making the most strikingly beautiful picture that I have ever seen.
After feasting my eyes on the beauties of assisted nature, I, in company with Millard Parker, went to "grave-yard hill", where we could get a more extended view. Looking in a north easterly direction, we beheld the most beautiful landscape ever witnessed by a mortal. Th the right of our picture rose majestically, Walden's Ridge, and stretching but as far as the eye could reach; marked with farms extending half way up it sides and over and above, could be seen the crest of Powell's Mountain, running parallel to the former and finally disappearing as behind the earth's curvature.
Directly in our front, lay a broken country of hills and vallies, farms and forests alternately. Nere were to be see dark groves of cedar, and whose brown fields of sage grass. On our left, we could trace the cold black wall of that mighty barrier, the Alps of America, the Cumberland mountains. Nere we could see crag piled on crag, and mountain on mountain interminable, but dimly marked through the smoky atmosphere between. Nere we stood upon, and at out feet were the relics of war, the old Fort -- and here the ruined and dilapidated graves of Tazewell's best citizens who were not left alone in their peace of death -- not only were the cities and habitations of the living laid in ruins and plundered, but the quiet cities of the dead, too were plumderend and ruined by the vile and mercenary hordes of the North. They not only made war upon the living, but carried in into the pale realms of the dead.
Then looking down at old Tazwell, we could plainly mark the mutations of time and the ravages of War -- we could only remark what changes Tazewell has undergone since several years ago. Her finest citizens, her best dwellings, buildings and churches, altars and the graves of loved ones are gone forever. The sun began to sink slowly behind the Western hills when we left, and soon darkness came moving on in her dusky cape and leaving to me only the gloomy shades of night which wrap all nature in her sable folds. The stars shone brightly from the vaults of heaven where not a cloud was left to obscure the mirror of God. So passed away the day, the holy sabbath day -- this day never to return."
His great sadness, perhaps stemmed from the plundering by Northern soldiers, of his parents many acres and large home in Missouri. His mother Louisiana, widowed by the war was left alone, with four children to rear, and her farm in total ruin.
On B(restworks) Hill (See Pictures)where David Chadwell lies buried among his slaves, the headstones were overturned by northern soldiers occupying hill, during the Civil War, and broken into pieces, so there is no way to mark the grave of the Revolutionary patriot and ancestor (MWB)
P. 160 - 162
Random Excerpts from Diary of Benjamin F. Schultz during 1871-1872
While employed at Tazewell at Postoffice.
Saturday, September 9
On this day in 1863, I witnessed the fall of Little Rock, Arkansas in the early morning, heavy cannonading was heard several miles down the river at which point, a detachment of the Federal Cavalry had made an attempt to cross and had suceeded in throwing a pontoon bridge across, and landing a bridge of cavalry, composed of the Tenth Illinois Cavalry, with whom we had previously had several engagements -- at one time capturing the whole Regiment at Fort Stephens, and several other regiments, after forming on the beach made a charge on our brigade, who had just arrived at the scene, and hastily formed in the woods some three hundred yards from the landing. When we opened a heavy fire upon the advancing column, or line causing them to fall back in disorder to the waters edge, and some recrossing the river, capturing two fine mountain horizons and preventing any other body of troops crossing or reinforcing those that were already on the South side, until nearly noon, when learning that a heavy force had crossed farther below and was attempting to cut us off from the main army now in full retreat from the City and fortifications of the north, on the road to Benton, our little command then rapidly fell back under a heavy fire of artillery placed on the opposite bank, just one mile below the city.
My ordinance wagons were still on the North side of them and were among the last to cross, and just in time to save ourselves witnessing the burning of all the government buildings and factories, and machine shops of the C.S.A., plus the stem boats at the wharf, several gun boats, and a great general conflagration of government property. Just after crossing and cutting our pontoons loose, the whole Federal Army made its appearance on the opposite side and lay there as if doubting the evacuation of the place.
Our army too, lay in sight of the enemy until our huge train could get its sluggard coil untolled upon the road, which was evening when our army began slowly to move out. The cavalry under General Marmaduke was given to cover our retreat. At sunset, we had only reached an old camp that we had previously occupied, where we remained an hour or so and then followed in retreat, traveling all night but making very slow progress on account of the trains ahead, which were of huge progortions. We had only made a few miles when morning came. Generals St._____ and P ______ were in command of the Federal armies, and General Price commanding the Confederates. Gen. ______ being sick andunable for duty. So ended this day of defeat.
Sunday, September 10
Morning clear and bright. Breakfast being over, I prepared for Sunday School, where we had quite a controversy on "the temptation of Christ by the devil" in which I contended that Christ was not tempted by the devil, but only an attempt was made by the devil to tempt Christ. After Sunday School we had preaching by Walker, on the subject of "election", which he was advised last Sunday by Clarke not to preach saying it would make harm; but after the sermon, I could not see the harm it would or could make. I did notice that there were no fights on the street, as was said to be the case. Preaching over, we went to Mr. Clouds for dinner, remaining until evening and sat in conversation of the platform until supper time, when in company of Boss Scott (Boston Scott) to Walters and took supper. We then returned to the store, where we heard chrch bells rung for prayer meeting, but I did not go. The remarks of my War narrativer were intended for today the 10 of September, but I mistook the date thinking yesterday was the 10th. Night again clear and beautiful.
(Benjamin F. Schultz was rather unorthodox in religious beliefs, of that time, although they would not seem so unusual in this year of 1970 - MWB)
Tuesday, September 26
Morning cool and cloudy since the rain last night, but after the early morning it became clear and remained so all day though cool. At 9 p.m. we had prayer meeting where we had some feelings of religion "manifested". Prayer meeting again at night where a good many went up to the anxious seat. A sermon was preached by Carlon, about the wind up of which I left and went to the store, where I had a good fire and where shortly Jno. Wood came in, and we had a discussion of the excitement going on at the church, which we both pronounced wrong. I cannot believe in religion, gotten during such excitement or through the heat of passion, aroused by such a train of superstitious exhortations. I cannot really call them exhortations, for I see more harm and folly in them than good. I do not doubt their moral teachings but then they are leading the young and weak minded astray and into a wrong belief. Heartfelt or monomaniacal religion (if there is such a thing, and I believe there is such a thing as the distraction of the mind on this or that subject). I think that it ought to be felt under circumstances far different, while the mind is cool, calm and seasoned for deep and searching thought; when it is entirely unbiased by frightful stories, death bed scenes of loved ones; horrors of hell and everything of a nature calculated to irritate the tender and weak-minded of the young and superstitious. If this is the true mode of the administration of Gods pardon to man, oh that I may be led to such a belief -- but I cannot yet believe in such a doctrine.
September 16, 1871
Morning densely cloudy pretending rain and very warm. Last night after going to bed, I heard a commotion and a loud noise down the street which I learned this morning to have been a grand riot and fight at the hotel. A fellow named Miller from Lee County, Virginia came in town after a rain thoroughly drenched and after taking a few drams of the "over-joyful", got into a row with Lewis Fawbush, winding up in a general… (Can't read the rest of entry)
Tuesday, Oct. 3rd, 1871
On my road to supper I was accosted by several ladies who wanted to know why I did not (practice?) religion and join the Church, and were very curious to know my faith and doctrine. All of which was told then in a "nutshell", belief in the existence of a God -- and of Jesus Christ, that he was … our mediator, and died on the cross for the sins of the world, and arose from the dead, all of which I believe from Genesis to Revelation; then re… in a spirit of contrition, asking god thru Jesus Christ to ofrgive and pardon wrongs committed to the fullest amount, doing unto others as I would have them do unto me; strict … to the Ten Commandments, living an upright and moral life, so far as possible; and then asking God's forgiveness of sins afterwards and during our ... lives, as none of us are infallible. Good for evil, mercy toward our enemies, sympathy with the weak, charity to the poor -- when this is done, my conscience tells me that the "Great I am", has listened to my prayers and has pardoned me, as he has promised in his immutable word, "seek and ye shall find", ask and ye shall receive, knock and it will be opened unto you. What more can we do.
And this is it. They seemed to think it strange, this doctrine, but they could not understand it or any part of it, although I had already gotten it added to my faith and without preaching. This is the pure religion of nature and nature's God; the first and the last, and only religion that is worth one cent. Faith without … will never remove mountains. There is no excellence without great labour, no heaven for those that do not … commandments. "By the sweat of your brow shall ye eat." With this I left my … probably bewildered who seemed to think this was right, but had never before thought on the subject, and had been taught another belief.
(This deep philosophical decision by a man still in his twenties! - mwb)
Tuesday, November 7
Morning a little cloudy, boding rain, but after the sun had gotten fairly up it became very bright and beautiful. I came over from Mr. Clouds very early and wrote some, after which Mrs. Cloud and Miss Angie Smith came over and with whom I went to the gallery and who had some pictures taken. Afternoon, I again went in company with Miss Mary Ann Johnson and had ours taken together. Several other young ladies soon went up for the same purpose. Evening I went down to Mrs. Grahams where I had been invited, remaining until after supper and sat for an hour or more in conversation. When I arrived at the store, I wrote several compositions, among which was an introductory love letter for J. G. Chadwick. Night dark and clear.
Bob Robinson Great grandson of Schultz, Mascot Tenn. Contributed a small item written by his Aunt Kate Aiken in which she said, "One time when I was visiting Brother Sterling in the old Schultz house, I made some remark, and Mr. Schultz said "Kate, let me quote you a verse:
"God forbid that I should grow so fond,
To trust man on his work or bond,
The dog that lieth sleeping,
The harlot that is weeping,
The keeper of my freedom
Or my friends if I should need them.
By Benjamin F. Schultz, one of the smartest old gentlemen I ever knew."
Page from Benjamin F. Schultz's Diary describing a site in the mountains near Tazewell, that he thought might have been remnants of an ancient city, which should be interesting to a modern day geologist.
January 18, Wednesday (1870 or 1871)
Early morning cloudy, but at sunrise, it became perfectly clear and the day turned out to be one of remarkable lovliness being warm and pleasant. After having finished the survey which took us until 2 p.m., we returned to Mark Hursts, where dinner was awaiting us and which we downed with the relish of a labourer. On the road, we came to a place where the path led across a hill that was beautifully paved as the streets of any city -- the stones being of various sizes, from a foot square to a huge slab all nicely fit and arranged as though they had been placed there by human hands. I have no doubt they were placed there by a people many ages ago, probably before the ____. This may have been the paved streets of some ancient city, or it resembles more a mammoth wharf, lying in the position of a wharf, being a right inclined plan without the least curvature or undulation in its smooth and unbroken surface of about 200 yards, from the foot to the apex or crest. A great portion of the surface of this giant causeway is entirely bare while other parts are covered with a thin coating that has washed down from the top and lodged in the crevices of the rocks. Here and there are a few sickly cedars, which have pierced their roots into the joints of this closely fitted masonry, or crept like wall ivy along this vast mass, only covered by a mere handful of earth and leaves.
This piece of architecture, lies along the face of the hill, at an angle of about 40 degrees, and facing the morning sun. Could it be possible that this huge mass of masonry, is the side of a pyramid of no less magnitude than that bearing the name of ____, or was this a place of worship, the heathen altar of superstition. Could this have been the sacred place of the promulgation of the revelation of the "____", whether this has been the work of the superstitious and adolatrous aborigines,or anti ___, or whether the formation by nature or nature's God, no mortal can tell. But truly it is a wondrous and mysterious structure, and one that would admit of an examination into its geology and the period of its formation. How wonderful are the works of man, and how much more these of God. Late evening I returned to town.
FRANK JAMES VISITS BENJAMIN SCHULTZ AT TAZEWELL IN 1875
An interesting sidelight on the life of Benjamin Schultz was his friendship with Frank James, the notorious Missouri outlaw, and brother of Jesse James. Benjamin and Frank served under General Price in the confederate Army, both drove ordinance wagons in some battles. Before that Frank James had ridden with Quatrell's men.
It would have been a strange friendship, on the surface -- Benjamin Schultz being an honorabel and high principled man, of unusual intelligence, but, on looking deeper in the family history, we find that they were bound by family ties as well as friendship.
The parents of Jesse and Frank James were known to have been highly respectable people -- Mrs. James being from a good Kentucky family, the Shacklefords. Dr. Gabriel Shackleford came down from Kentucky and married Benjamin Schultz' aunt, Nancy M. Cloud in Tazewell, Tennessee. Dr. Shackleford was an esteemed physician and citizen of Tazewell until his wife's death and he went to Missouri. Nancy Cloud's sister married a Norfleet, whose family also married into the Shackleford family. But a close family tie was Benjamin's sister's marriage to W. S. Norfleet in Springfield, Missouri. W.S. Norfleet was a son of David Norfleet and Elizabeth Shackleford. That Benjamin and Frank James' friendship survived the War is revealed in Dr. Robert L. Kincaid's book, "The Wilderness Road."
In a chapter describing a hanging in Tazewell on August 23, 1875, Kincaid writes that there was a crowd of people gathered to see the hanging of a convicted murderer, estimated to be between five and six thousand people -- men and women and children. Kincaid opines that if the people had known it, their attention to a well built, bronzed, man with steel gray eyes would have vied with the interest of seeing a man hanged. For that man in the crowd was Frank James who had accidentally fallen in with a company of riders, and with his companion, George Shepard, had arrived in Tazewell to visit his old companion of the Confederate Army, Benjamin Schultz. The steely eyed James had given a native a five dollar gold piece to find him a good seat. In 1893 when Frank James was a member of the St. Louis Police Force, he went to Nashville to seek information about the death of his old chieftain, William Clarke Quantrill, who was killed in Kentucky during the close of the Civil War. At that time he told Nashville friends that it was a quiet interim in the careers of him and his brother Jesse, that took him to Tazewell. It was easy for a man to hide himself in the wild Kentucky hills where men still lived much as they wished.
Information from Daily Press and Knoxville Herald August 15, 1875. Also Knoxville Messenger, August 18, 1875. Also interviews with eye witnesses.
Lena Wills, Ozark Genealogy Shultz, Schultz and Norfleet
Springfield Public Library
Cemetery Records -- No persons by these names buried in National Cemetery, Springfield, Missouri
Maple Park Cemetery: From Cemeteries of Greene county, Missouri by John W. and LeMerie Cochran
(Maple Park Cemetery is on Grand Avenue, between Campbell and Jefferson Streets. I have been told that when it was started, back in 1870 some of the city fathers and others thought it was too far out of town to ever be used. It is really inside the city.)
Schultz -- Jacob, buried 27 March 1883 age 66 years.
Louisiana, buried 17 April 1884, age 71 years
William Ben buried 4 November 1952, age 69 years, son of William M.
William M. buried 14 January 1933 age 88 years
Shultz -- Mrs. L. E. buried 20 April 1897, age 46 years
William Ben born 5 August 1883, died 1 November 1952,
Wife Bessie, born 17 April 1884 -
Jacob, born 30 June 1799, died 16 August 1863
Louisiana, wife of Jacob, born 27 August 1812, died 17 April 1884
Norfleet -- Inf. Of J. S. Norfleet, buried 15 September 1877, age 2 years
Mattie E., born 10 March 1859, died 19 April 1878
Hazelwood Cemetery: South edge of Spg. South Glenstone next to National Cemetery.
Schultz -- Ruth Ellen, born 30 January 1891 died 27 January 1942
(no others, or Shultz or Norfleet)
Marriage records of Greene County, Missouri
Barron T. Von Tawadsky to Louisa Shultz 24 September 1868
William Wiegand to Hettie Shultz 23 November 1892
G. W. Shultz to Eliza Andrew 13 November 1882
Theodore Shultz to Maggie M. Richardson (date left off)
William Shultz to Louisa Payne 19 June 1881
CENSUS RECORDS AND NOTES PERTAINING TO SCHULTZ FAMILY
1850 Census Claiborne County, Tenn.
George B. Schultz age 52
Mary age 48
Martin V. (anburen) 18 (b. 1832)
Jacob P. 16 (b. 1834)
George B. 8 (b. 1840)
1860 Census Claiborne County
Martin V. 28
Evidently Martin got custody Of his children
William F. 9
George C. 7.
David M. 5
Thomas B. 8 months
(by 2nd wife)
In notes by G. B. Schultz in old paper among A. M. Clouds papers.
"My son Martin Van Buren Schultz married Margaret Dunsmore, daughter of William Dunsmore of Irish descent -- a good liver and an honest and industrious family. On July 4, 1857 he divorced Margaret and in 1858 married a second wife Charity Martin of Hancock, County."
"My son G. B. (b. 1852) married a Stone, daughter of I. H. Stone whose wife was a Harper. My son J. P. (Dr. married in State of Louisiana at Minden. I have never seen her. My grandson David (son of Martin V.) born in 1855 married Alice Hurst, daughter of Fanny and Isaac Hurst. My grandaughter, Sary Schultz, married Boston Scott. My Grandaughter Mary Chadwell (daughter of Emmeline Shultz) married ____, his mother a Rose. (faded ink defied name) My grandson Franklin Chadwell (also son of Emmeline, and born in 1844) married a Robinson, her mother was a Hurst, daughter of Mark Hurst.
In a letter from Barthena Ritter, fram Madison County, Ill. February 11, 1868 to Hulda Schultz Cloud, she speaks of Uncle Dave Cottrell, Elick Chadwell, Jake Schultz, and of going to Arkansas. Also of money that "Mose Cottrell got from office "for them". We have not identified Barthena Ritter.
In 1840 Census of Claiborne County, where children are not identified individually, it seems that George B. and Mary Schultz had at least six children, 2 boys and 4 girls. According to old letters from Willis boy, it indicates that one daughter married a Willis.
One of Emmeline's sons identified as A. M. Chadwell, and called Eck. Probably named Alec and called Eck for short, got into trouble in Claiborne County, and had to leave. He visited his uncle Dr. J. P. Schultz in Minden, and also different relatives spoke, in letters of hearing from him, and asking that his mail be sent to fictitious addresses. Everyone in the family seemed to be very fond of him.
P. 168 & 169
To brother-in-law from Louisiana Cloud Schultz:
March 6, 1866
Mr. George Schultz:
I hasten to reply to your kind letter received a few days ago. I was glad to hear that you and family are well and trying to live again. Your letter found in bad health though it is improving. The children are well and Billie and Hugh are making preparations for farming. I think we can live again and take a rise. We have been making a new apple and peach orchard. We set out 400 apple trees and 120 peach trees.
I have the finest apple orchard in the county. We put up 800 bushels of apples and have two cellars full, but all of that does not satisfy, as the head of our family is gone to return no more.
Dear brother, you can't draw any idea the trouble I see, my farm was entirely destroyed, not a building on the place but one cabin. I hope that I can collect some of our debts so that I can make improvements. I wish you to assist Lawyer Rogan on collecting. I wish to you know that S. G. Barnard has all of Mr. Shultz's books and papers in his hand and also H. Evans notes amounting to upwards of $3.000. I wish collections made if possible, for I stand in need of money, as there were false accounts came against the estate and will have to be paid. You know that those large notes are good ones.
You are aware of how the family splurged from our store. I think they should not hesitate to pay. I don't suppose his land will satisfy his debt. Bring Barnard to a settlement as soon as possible. His notes amount upwards of $4,000. Billie will make oath to what his father told him while in Texas that h had three notes on Barnard amounting to $2,000 each and one note of $900. I have been trying to recover those lost notes. It would be safest to not let Barnard know that his notes could not be produced until he could make some acknowledgement respecting the debt. The Hodges debt, you know perhaps how it stands. Mr. Schultz always kept his business out of my knowledge and I can't say what way to pursue, but I wish you to aid me in my unsettled business. Brother Frank thinks it is safest to file a bill in chancery and enjoin their land. I want the safest way to be pursued.
We received a letter from Eck Chadwell a few days ago stating that he was in Memphis, Tenn. And that he had to leave home and did not wish his whereabouts known. He wished us to address a letter to Charles or James Coffin, 5 Adams St., Memphis. Also have received a letter from J. P. Shultz from New Orleans. He was there attending the lectures. He will make his home in Minden, La. He expected to leave New Orleans in a few days. (cannot make out the rest of the letter)
Letter from Dr. J. P. Shultz and Brother
Brother T. B.:
I got your letter a few days ago -- glad to know your are all well. I am just recovering from an attach of bronchitis and am nowhere able to go to work, if I had anything to do. My turn for work does not begin until June or July. I graduated at the University of La. in March. I will soon have no heavy expenses and shall try to accumulate something. I am in debt severa hundred dollars and can't collect. If our crops fail again this year, we will have but little money in the country. The cotton crop is our only resource -- when that fails, all fails. I think I will change locations, perhaps this does not suit me all thogether. This is a poor country "chilly and fevery" but I could make money if I could collect it. I am sorry that our parents have to work in their old … I do hope to be able to relieve them before a great while. I am sorry that you named your boy after me, for I do think Jake is a D - - - of a name for anybody. Name him James, Thomas. Give my love to our parents and tell them I would like to see them very much. Tell sister E. that I forwarded her letter to Mr. Moon. I think when she sends letters for me to mail, it would be better to direct them to A. M. Chadwell for if he received letters under an assumed name, it might cast unnecessary suspicious upon him where he is and injure him. He is perfectly safe under his own name. There is no reward for him. He is not advertised. I write to him under is proper name.
J. P. Shultz
December 6, 1866
Brother T. B.
I have forgotten whether I have answered your last letter or not. It makes no difference if I have not, it is only on account of business. I wrote our parents a few days since, also to BFC (B. f. cloud) and sister A. E. Chadwell. Since that time, I have seen A. M. Chadwell and by my advice he has gone to Texas. Started on the 13th, and will go to Waco or thereabouts. I have furnished him with money and as much good advice as I could think of. I do not want him to stop in large cities. It is the worst thing a young man can do unless he has permanent employment and big wages. I advised him to go to Texas and go to work and be content with a small income, etc., etc. I had no means or chance to put him into business where I have been stopping, and if I had I do not know whether I would live there anymore. He need not have any money sent him from home -- throw him on his own resources -- if he canot make a living now he never will. I am sure the boy can make a good living -- he is out of the way of his enemies and will have notheing to do but to work. You can all address your letters to me in this city and I will forward them to him and when I leave in the Spring. I will make arrangements in which he can get his letters if it is necessary to conceal his whereabouts. I am expecting a letter from him from Galveston. He went across the gulf. Tell his mother not to be uneasy about him, he is all right. Advise him to be saving and industrious and to be contented in our place. I will remain here until April 1st, then perhaps I may visist you all in Tessnessee. I will live south. I do not know exactly when. Kindest regards to all.
J. P. Shultz
(Jacob P. Shultz)
Letter from A. M. Chadwell (Alec or Eleck), son of Emmeline Schultz Chadwell and Jack Chadwell, to his grandfather, George B. Schultz. Alexander M. fled to Mindon, Louisiana to stay with his uncle, Dr. Jacob P. Schultz, after a shooting scrape in Claiborne County. His handwriting was very nice but his spelling wasn't so good.
November 27, 1870
I recived the note that you sent to Uncle Jake to send to me you advised me to settle down in one place & go to work the reason why that I haven't stade at one place no longer that I hav is that I have binn a fraid that thoes fellers back there wood finde me out I have made money & spent money I have all wayes had anuff to go where I want to & live high I will admit your advise is good & I will doo enything you say iff I was there with you & Granmaw eny thing that you wood tell me I wood doo it you haven't hot a more obeadent Granson nor son that I am to you & Granmouther & think more of you than all the rest of eather your children or Granchilder but I have had no chance to prove it to you I had to lay in jail 6 month after the war & then tride for my life & iff I hadent A made my escap I wod a binn hung & rauther that thoes fellers to ketch me now I travel inn to the furlands of Itley I never have disgrased nun of my relitives no shape nor forme I am here at Uncle Jacob & will remane here fur some time Uncle & Aun & the Baby is well me & Uncle has binn on a Deer hunt all this weak he has a good pack of hounds & we have all of his crop very ner getherd. Uncle has got plenty of every thing & as mutch thought of as eny man in the cuntry he has marrid rich his wife is smart & industist & clever & kind to me as you all could bee Granfauther I want you to try & sell mouthers farm let her com to Texas fur hur helt Uncle Jake ses she wont live longe iff she stays there Jake ses she can get $2000 for it well iff she can get that sel it but donte take no less but you use your one judment I am satisfide eny way that you or mouther sets it right son.
A M Chadwell
Letter to Benj. F. Cloud and wife, Hulda Schultz Cloud at Tazewell, Tenn. Following Civil War.
After a silence for several years, I now feel it is my duty to write you a few lines -- knowing that we have all shared the same fate as it respects our property, but the death of Mr. Schutlz is the greatest affliction that has ever befallen my family.
We were all anxiously awaiting his return, knowing that he was a good hand to manage and arrange business, but to our sad misfortune, he only came home long enough for us to see him -- I have nothing left but the land, my timber was all destroyed, and all of my buildings burned, and all of my stock taken -- although I think we will make a raise again. I have my whole farm under fence and four hundred acres in cultivation. This year we have ten renters and have any quantity of corn and hay.
I spoke of going to Tennessee this winter, but owing to Benj. F. not coming from Texas, I will have to postpone the trip until Spring.
I want you to write to me immediately upon the reception of the letter and give me the particulars of the Countyry and see if the debts can be collected. You know, Mr. Schutlz has a great many unsettled debts and I stand in need of it all. Let me know the situation of Barnard, Evans, and Hodges and all others of interest.
Dr. J. P. Schultz is in Minden, Louisiana practicing medicine. My son, D.A., is dead I expect, as we hear nothing from him. He was at Vicksbury at the surrender and came on to Little Rock, and no account more. Billie is at home and Hugh had been with me all the time. Let me know what has become of yours and Emmaline's sons.
Louisiana Schultz (signed)
D. A. is son Alexander
Benj. F. is her son who was living in Texas
Letter from Mary e. Smith to Aunt Hulda Shultz Cloud
July 23, 1866
Dear Aunt Hulda:
Nine long years have been numbered with the eternal (past?) and we have parted and few indeed are the words we have spoken to each other all this lapse of time. No one could believe that we would become such perfect strangers, but such is human nature. Your years of blood and carnage of suffering and woe have flown and left us with grief in our bosons -- that eternity can only efface. The bones of our beloved and honored dead bleach on a thousand hills. We are oppressed and downtrodden and what have we gained? Cold blooded murders have been and are still present, but I am thankful to have escaped with my life.
All are in good health except Ad who has been sick for some time. She is at Red Springs. She has five children. Martha has two children, Alexander and Carrick, the last I named after my pet. Zed (or Jed) is living in Texas and she will visit in this fall. Ad, Cloud, and Martha all live in New Middleton. Cloud's wife has been dead over a year. John R. Moore was shot down in his home by some robbers.
Our negroes are all gone except Nance and child. Aunt Sally and her boys have bought some land and are living on it. She has requested me to write you a thousand times. About Cath and children, when you write tell me all about them so I can tell her. What has become of Lizzie? Do you remember her prophetic words about negro freedom. I have thought of it often. Is Sarah Jones still living? Where is Dan? Let me hear from T. P. Shultz. Are you and Said as good friends as ever or did the war divide you?
Is Mary Chadwell married? My love to Aunt Emmeline. I guess Mary Cloud is nearly grown. What has become of Eck and Carrack. I have a fine album and would be so glad to have it adorned with your photographs. Tell uncle that I think he might visit Mother once more. Mother's health is good. Pappa has made a good hand in his hay this summer. Worked more than he has in 20 years. He is a s young and spry as ever. All the family join me in sending love to all. All my love to uncle and his cousins.
Mary E. Smith
P.S. Guess you have heard of Aunt's great misfortune, uncle's death. We are expecting Mary Schultz every day to come and attend Middleton Academy. She will remain three years. I have a thousand thing to tell you when I see you.
P. 175 - 177
From W. H. Willis to grandmother and grandfather, George Shultz and Mr. Schultz.
Ft. Riley, Kansas
May 25th, 1867
My Dear Father and Mother:
It has been some time since I have heard from you and I am afraid that I will hear bad news. I am in good health at present and hope that these few lines may find you enjoying the same blessing.
We have been in and out of the plains to fight the Indians. We captured a Sioux village and a Cheyenne village and burned the Cheyenne village.
We are statined at Ft. Riley at the present and we are making a garden for the Company I belong to. I have some Indian bows and arrows that I will send you this summer and several other things with them. I am on guard today and will close till I hear from you.
W. H. Willis
Co. B. 4th US Artillery
Ft. Riley, Kansas
December 29, 1866
Dear grandfather and grandmother:
I seat myself this morning to inform you that I am in good health and present. I hope these few lines will find you enjoying the same blessing. It has been sometime since I heard from you. I want you to write as soon as you get my letter. We had a big snow the night of the 15th. The weather is very warm at present. We have had a nice winter so far, has not been very cold. Grandfather, would I be safe if I came to see you? If you know what I mean, would the people kill me if they knew I was a Union soldier in the U.S. Army? If you think that I would be safe I would come to see you as soon as my time is out and I will fetch Emmeline with me if we should live that long. And I could put up a small store there and make a living for me and Mr. (I.?) Willis. This is the 30th of December. We had a nice Xmas dinner. We had turkey and cranberry sauce, potatoes, coffee, roast pork and beef, lager beer and apples all that we could eat and drink. I pray to God that I may take a Xmas dinner with you before I die. I am coming to see you if God spares my life till next autumn. Father and Emmeline is in the South and are mad at me because I am in the U.S. Army. He won't let Emmeline write to me and that is the way with others, so I am like a lost sheep. I lie in my bed every night and think about my people and cry. I pray to meet them in heaven. Sometimes I wish I was dead. I think about it so much that I can't eat and weight 129 lbs.
I will send you my photograph the next time I hear from you. We will muster tomorrow for pay. Time is pretty good here. Everything is plentiful here. Write to me and all of my cousins and uncles and aunts. I want to hear from them all and will answer every letter I get.
W. H. Willis
To his grandfather and mother and friend.
Letters to Mrs. Polly Shultz, wife of George Shultz from Louisiana Cloud Shultz (her sister-in-law).
October 30, 1872
My Dear Sister:
For the first time, I will attempt to write you a few lines. I t is sometime since brother George has written and thinking perhaps he had forgotten to write. I would say that we are in common health at present and hope these few lines may find you enjoying the same blessing and we should count as one of the greatest blessings that can be bestowed on poor mortals.
We are very busy getting away our crops, have just finished getting our apples in the collars. Have finished sowing 130 acres in wheat and are busy getting the corn, though corn I worth nothing - only to feed the hogs. We have 30 up fattening and it hardly pays to raise pork. I received a letter from Ben's wife, waying he would soon leave for Missouri and other places.
I was very sorry to hear that Emmeline's health is so bad. I was in hopes that she could leave for Texas since her great anxiety is to go to her daughter, Mary, and family. I reckon you have another girl staying with you since sally married and left. You would not know any of my children, Lizzie and Billy. Hugh is fair and Sandy is dark complected and Mary is light with blue eyes. Lou has black hair and very dark blue eyes and you would not see any resemblence to the family. Mary is down in Arkansas on a visit and will be out to your country this winter with Benjamin. Lou is going to the city to school and is trying to graduate. She is taking music lessons.
My children are all anxious to see you and their uncle George. My boys are so closely engaged on the farm that they can't find time to visit. They would not know how to farm in Tennessee. Our farm is one mile across and our turn rows are 1/2 mile long. You can plow all day without touching a rock. My boys are systematic farmers although their father was not much of a farmer.
Well, Polly, I would like to see you, but it is a long and expensive trp and we are all very poor and I am getting old and my health is not good. I have been considerably afflicted for the last month with something like neuralgia.
How is Benton and family getting along? Is Huldah better reconciled than when I was there? I suppose the country is improving some and your printing office in operation and says very little. I have been taking Ben's paper for several weeks but I don't find any interesting news in it…
Polly, you would like to hear something of Lizzie. She is one of the best you ever saw. She is a splendid cook and can do anything around the house. She has six children living. Her baby died this summer. She speaks often about visiting the place of her birth and childhood. She was four children going to school. Her oldest daughter is grown and very good looking.
Well, you are tired of so much stuff. I will close by asking you to answer soon. My love to all of the cousins and a liberal share for yourself and George.
I remain, your affectionate sister,
A true transcript as copied from the family record of Jacob Shultz family bible, which is now in the possession of Mrs. Mary Shultz Hansen, 73 New Ave., Springfield, Mo.
Benjamin Franklin Shackelfors, son of Gabriel P. and Nancy Shackelford, born January 19th, 1833 in Tazewell, Tennessee.
Mary Chadwell Cloud, born 30th August, 1777, in henry County, Virginia
Benjamin Cloud -
Mary Ann Shultz, daughter of Jacob & Louisiana Shultz, born 7th day of December, 1850, in Claiborne County, E. Tennessee
Jacob Shultz was born the 30th day of June A.D. 1799, Claiborne County, Tennessee
Louisiana Cloud, daughter of Benjamin and Mary Cloud was born 27th day of August 812 in Claiborne County, Tennessee
Elizabeth Cloud Shultz, daughter of Jacob & Louisiana Shultz, born 12th of February, 1837, in Claiborne County, Tennessee
Louisiana K. Shultz, daughter of Jacob & Louisiana Shultz, born 24th of June, 1855, in Claiborne County, Tennessee
Benjamin Cloud, son of Benjamin F. & Mary Cloud born 8th day of November 1802, in Hawkins County, Tennessee.
William Alexander Shackelford, son of Gabriel & Nancy Shackelford, born 27th of February 1831, in Tazewell, Tennessee.
Jacob Shultz and Louisiana Cloud were married the eighth day of October, A.D. 1835, by Rev. Nathan Hobbs in Lee County, Virginia
Mary Chadwell first married Walter Middleton - second marriage was to Benjamin Franklin Cloud in 1801 in Lee County, Virginia
Louisiana Cloud Shultz died April 17, 1884, wife of Jacob Shultz, died in Springfield, Missouri
Elizabeth Cloud Shultz Norfleet wife of W. S. Norfleet, died May 10, 1913, Daughter of Jacob & Louisiana Cloud Shultz
L. K. Cooper, daughter of Jacob & Louisiana Cloud Shultz, died December 11, 1932 at Springfield, Missouri
Mary Chadwell Cloud died 1855 in Claiborne County, E. Tennessee, buried Lee County
Back to Joe Payne’s Genealogy Homepage