This information came from Carmon Finley

!Acklen and French are at odds on arrival date of the Doaks (see comments on father). Could 1740 date be a reversal of 1704? Said to have lived in East Nottingham twp, Chester Co., PA. Had brothers Samuel, David, John and Robert. Brothers also migrated to Augusta Co., VA. Brother John had daughter, Thankful, baptised 1743, said to have married Maj. Wm. Hall.

Sister, Ann Doak, married George Breckinridge.

I have left the two lineages of Thankful Doak and John Finley. The one with only 8 children is the lineage of Dr. Carmen Finley. I believe that to be correct but leaving both will serve until I rearrange my file.


Oh boy, where do I start? I guess the easiest way is to send you this article that was published in the September-October 1995 issue of "Finley Findings International." There are 57 footnotes to this article and I know they will not fly by e-mail---but all this is documented. When you have had a chance to digest this, get back to me and we will probably have lots of things to talk about. You can see what this does to the Finley information found in the LDS registry. That was why I asked about your documentation.

Yes, I do have some information on Mary (Polly) Finley and Davy Crockett.

Your Rose Henderson is not a Middle River person. She associated only with South River persons.

Meanwhile, I am going to take a close look at your DOAK information.

Carmen Finley

[Editor's Note: The 75-page article Dr. Finley refers to, "The John Finleys of Augusta County, Virginia: Some Hypotheses," is due out

soon in The Genealogist. Interested Finley researchers may wish to write to Dr. Neil D. Thompson, 225 North Second West, Salt Lake

City, UT 84103-4545 to reserve a copy.]

The John Finleys of Augusta County, Virginia

Carmen J. Finley, Ph.D., C.G.


Tim Kessler recently asked me to write an article on the work I have been doing on the Augusta County John Finleys. I would like to preface this article with a few words of explanation.

My ancestors, like a number of other readers, trace back to the John Finley who married Mary Caldwell, and like many other readers I first

used Albert Finley France and Herald F. Stout as basic references in the study of my family.

It was in the mid-1980s I first recognized that at least some of their information did not agree with basic information I was finding about my third great grandfather, David Finley (Stout's 5-02-114) and my information was coming from Bible and cemetery records. In June 1988, my article, "David Finley (1754-1848): Correcting the Record," was published in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly. A comparison between my findings, and the information presented by Stout on David and his children, showed deviations in year of birth of up to twenty-two years, as in the case of his son, Jefferson.

Stout gives Jefferson's birth date as 1783, while Jefferson's cemetery records give his birth date as 1805. While this is the extreme, variations between Stout's information and that found in Bible and cemetery records commonly ranged from fourteen to eighteen years. Only in the case of David's daughter, Jane Ann, did the cemetery records agree with Stout.

This experience led me to be skeptical of other information presented by Stout, especially as I worked my way back to Augusta County to the John Finley who married Mary Caldwell. I began to question the relationship between this John Finley who lived on South River and the John Finley who married Thankful Doak and lived on Middle River. Scouring every Finley document in Augusta County from the late 1730s through 1800 led me to the inescapable conclusion that the John Finley who married Mary Caldwell was not the son of John and Thankful, as claimed by Stout. These two Johns were independent, contemporary persons living but fifteen miles apart and not related, at least not proven in that generation. It would not surprise me to learn by going back another generation they were cousins, although the proof of that has not yet been established.I am not saying that Stout's information should be summarily disregarded.

He does provide many good clues, and sometimes he is correct. However, it is up to the careful researcher to determine whether Stout's data on a specific Finley is correct or incorrect, and this can only be done by a careful study of the original documents concerning any Finley contained in Stout's material.

Readers who are not familiar with the preponderance of the evidence principle would do well to read Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr.'s, "What Proves Lineage?: Acceptable Standards of Evidence," in the June 1987 issue of the NGS Quarterly. Sheppard says:

When direct evidence is lacking, but there is contemporary, primary evidence of a number of related matters all pointing in the same direction, and the evidence so accumulated leaves no doubt in the reader's mind that only one reasonable conclusion can be drawn from it, then it is appropriate to say that a fact can be established by the preponderance of the evidence. However, if there is found a single contemporary document that points in a different direction, and if it is not possible to show clearly that this document is in error, then the argued case has not been proved acceptably.

The NGS publication, Write Your Family History, adds, "This really says it all If you must rely on this principle to establish relationships, it is important that you find every possible existing document without ignoring any that seem counter to your working hypothesis. If you do not, someone else will eventually find it, and it will come back to haunt you!"

With this clearly in mind, I examined and fit together the many primary Finley documents in Augusta County and wrote the paper, "The John Finleys of Augusta County, Virginia: Some Hypotheses." It was accepted for publication three years ago by The Genealogist. I had been warned about the publication lag, and it has been painful for me to watch the repetition of incorrect Finley folklore and not be able to dispute it. While it is still a no-no for me to publish substantial portions of this paper prior to its publication in The Genealogist, I can give you some of the results as they effect the two John Finleys of early Augusta County. The proof itself, based on the preponderance of evidence principle, must await publication in The Genealogist. When it does appear, I invite any serious Finley researcher to examine it and correspond with me if there are any questions.

In the meantime, I have been compiling a book on The Finleys of Early Sonoma County, California, which includes the ancestral history of the two John Finleys of Augusta County. From that source, I am happy to share with readers of Finley Findings these portions of my book.John and Thankful (Doak) Finley

John and Thankful (Doak) Finley, were among the earliest settlers of the Shenandoah Valley in what is now Augusta County, Virginia, most likely having come from Pennsylvania. Like their early neighbors, they were Scotch-Irish Presbyterian farmers. John was also a cooper. From land records and other documents we can get some feel for his life in this early Virginia settlement.

John and Thankful lived on Middle River, a branch of the Shenandoah. While his property is not shown on the settlement map of Beverley Manor, one can make a pretty good estimate of his location as being just across the manor line near the property of Robert Davis.

We cannot be sure whether John Finley and Thankful Doak were married in Pennsylvania or in Virginia. The Doaks were also early settlers in this region and it is possible that John and Thankful met after both families arrived in the area. Thankful s brothers, Samuel and David Doak, had properties about ten miles due south of John s Middle River property. Her sister, Ann Doak, was married after the Doaks moved to Augusta County.

The first record found for John appeared in Augusta County records of 1 December 1740 when he received a patent for 183 acres on a branch of Cathey s River called Finley s Branch (now Middle River). Since the actual receipt of a patent was the third step in a process that normally took several years, we can assume they were probably in that location by 1737 or 1738.

On 15 October 1741, he received another patent for 300 acres on a draft of Cathey's River. This property was described as being adjacent to land owned by Alexander Breckenridge, whose son, George, married Thankful s sister, Ann Doak, the next year.

John sold his first patent, 183 acres, to Alexander Garden on 27 November 1749. On 17 November 1767, John and Thankful deeded 179 acres of their property to their son, George, for five shillings. George, however, soon moved to Washington County about 170 miles to the southwest and sold his Middle River property to Robert and Margaret Clendenen for 9C16, less than five years after it was given to him. The Clendenens, in turn, sold it back to John and Thankful three years later for five shillings.

On 20 July 1768, John acquired another patent of 238 acres on a branch of the middle River of Shanando adjoin to the land he lives on. This same year he was named as one of the representatives and commissioners of Browns Meeting House and received two acres on Meadow Run, a branch of Middle River, from John and Margaret Brown. North Mountain Meeting House (later Hebron), which was the church nearest the Middle River neighborhood, had originally been Old Side Presbyterian and held only sporadic services until the mid-1740s when the New Side revivalist Presbyterians stepped in. Brown, not pleased with this turn of events, joined with his neighbors to build a meeting house near his home. Brown s Meeting House officially opened its doors 16 February 1748. This, perhaps, explains why John and Thankful s children were baptized at Tinkling Spring, some twelve miles away, until December 1746.

On 16 March 1773, John was bound, along with his neighbors, William McPheeters, Jr. and George Berry, in the settlement of the estate of William McPheeters, Sr. That same year, John and Thankful were both named in an accounting of Samuel Craig, who served as a guardian for John Black, orphan of Anthony Black. John received 9C5 and Thankful received 9C5 6s. for services or goods. Three of the persons with whom John is associated in these documents, John Brown, Hugh Young, and John Trimble, can be found in the extreme northwestern corner of Hildebrand s map of The Beverley Patent. They lived either on, or close to, the Manor line and near Middle River. This gives us a good indication of the location of John and Thankful s property as being just outside the Manor line along Middle River.

John Finley appeared on the tax rolls during the periods 1777-1778 and 1782-1787, the only years for which lists were found. Until 1786 he was listed as the only tithable in his household. His 1786 entry read Jno & David, while the 1787 entry read self & son David.

John wrote his will on 7 August 1791 naming in order; wife, Thankful; children, David, George, Robert, Margaret Shields, James, John, Jean, and Thankful McKarter; and grandson, John Trimble, son of Jean. David received the lion s share of the estate. Thankful received all household furniture except one old bed and furniture, his Negro woman, Hannah, and a saddle and horse, with maintenance out of the estate willed to David. George, Robert, and Margaret Shields received five shillings each. James received 9C120 with interest from this date, to be paid by David out of the estate. John was to receive one bed and furniture upon the death of Thankful. Jean was to receive a mare and Negro woman upon the death of Thankful, while her son, John Trimble, was left a saddle and bridle. Thankful McKarter was left six shillings. David, probably the youngest son, was also named executor.

It is interesting that John chose to divide his estate so unequally and no clues have really been found as to why this was so. Often, when the

parents have already provided for their children, the children are left only nominal amounts in the will. This may have been the case here and is just not specified. We do know, however, that George received a portion of John and Thankful's property in 1767. Naming David as executor may have been a practical necessity as it appears all other sons had left the area by 1791.

An appraisal of John s estate was made on 20 December 1791 by David McNair, James Wilson, and John Thomas, the same men who had witnessed his will.

The total of his estate was 9C99 5s. 2p. including one slave, Hannah, valued at 9C12. The largest single entry was a book of accounts of David's totalling 9C1916s. His inventory included a set of cooper's tools.

It is not known how much longer Thankful lived. However, David sold his entire holdings on 1 October 1794 to John Johnston for 9C1,100 and moved on, suggesting, perhaps, that Thankful had died prior to that time.

Known children of John and Thankful (Doak) Finley include the following, in the order named in John s will (except for David who is presumed to be the youngest male):

+2 i. George2 Finley, christened at Tinkling Spring, 30 January 1743.

+3 ii. Robert Finley, christened 21 April 1745, at Tinkling Spring.

+4 iii. Margaret Finley, christened 21 November 1746, at Tinkling Spring.

+5 iv. James Finley.

+6 v. John Finley.

+7 vi. Jean Finley, married Joseph Trimble.

8 vii. Thankful Finley, married McKarter.

+9 viii. David Finley.

John Finley, Elder at Tinkling Spring

John Finley (? - 1782) was, most likely, a first generation Scotch-Irish who arrived in America as a child in the early part of the eighteenth century.

The earliest records that could be found for him were in Beverley Manor, Augusta County, Virginia, in 1738. He had come to Virginia from Pennsylvania with his two brothers, William and Robert, just a few years after the movement of Scotch-Irish to this area was started by John Lewis. While we do not have a date of birth for him, we do know that he had five children born between 1740 and 1749 and an elder son born before 1740. From this one would assume that he was a fairly young man when he settled in Beverley Manor, born probably not later than 1710.

His first wife was a daughter of the Reverend John Thomson, her given name unknown. John took an active role in establishing Tinkling Spring Meeting House, a Presbyterian congregation for the Scotch-Irish settlement in and around Beverley Manor. In the first action recorded, John Finley was appointed one of five commissioners charged with purchasing property on which to build their meeting house and collecting money to pay a minister. His brother, William, was one of the signers of this act, dated "August ye 14th 1741."

However, as early as 1737, the people of Beverley Manor had petitioned the Donegal Presbytery to establish a meeting house. As a result a Christian Society called "The Triple Forks of the Shenando Congregation," was formed.

Interestingly, their first request was for the services of Reverend John Thomson:

The Christian Societies in the back part of Virginia on September 5, 1739, united in presenting a supplication to the Presbytery of Donegal for the ministerial services of Rev. John Thomson, Chestnut Level pastor, as an "Itinerant Preacher to Virginia."

However, the Donegal Presbytery refused Thomson's petition to release him from Chestnut Level, where he was stationed at that time, and the Reverend John Craig was assigned in his place.

A site to build the first log structure was selected about five miles southwest of where the Finleys were living:

A cool spring of water issuing from beneath a rock, gathering into a pool from which man lives, overflowing into a stream by which the plains are made alive is a delightful work of nature.

The earliest pioneers in the Valley of Virginia found a bold spring, whose emerging waters made a musical sound upon the cavernous rocks, and they called it the tinkling spring. The church, located near this spring and named for it, is like "a spring of water willing up to eternal life" for multitudes who have passed this way.

The first sanctuary was twenty-four by fifty feet, with a simple interior.

"The floor was the ground over which the sanctuary was constructed. The pews were backless hand-made benches, probably small logs split with the smooth-hewn surface up and supported by wooden legs driven into auger holes. . .[and it was] without heating facilities."

The Tinkling Spring Commissioners posted their first notice for payment on the log building on 12 November 1744, calling for twelve shillings per family.

The congregation was divided into three quarters, with John Finley heading one quarter. This was an administrative device for organizing and collecting money 66rom the parishioners. John's brothers, William and Robert, were both listed as members of his quarter at this time.

Those must have been busy years in the settlement of Augusta County.

Estimated population of the territory, authorized as Augusta County, was estimated at 2500 in 1742, including about 500 in the bounds of the

Tinkling Spring Congregation. The first court of law was established in late 1745 and John Finley [Finla in the records] was among those who took the oath of office on 30 October that year. The Augusta County Court was located at "Beverley's Mill Place," now Staunton, contrary to advice of local citizens who were ordered to view the land offered by William Beverley. Prior to that time, Augusta County citizens were served through the Orange County Court and John Finley had been a justice there as well.

An early road order showed that the Finleys operated a mill, "A Road be cleared from Finley's Mill to the Tinkling spring and thence to McCords Mill That John Finley and Archibald Stewart, John Christy and Robert Cunningham oversee the Same." John and his family had been living on property near South River adjacent to the property he bought in 1746, 892 acres purchased from George Robinson, directly on South River. By then John and his wife had at least two children and brother William had at least three. Presumably the three brothers were living close together. Four years after the purchase of the Robinson property, formal deeds were drawn up in which John split his property into equal thirds and sold two of them to his brothers, William and Robert.

In 1748 John was made an elder of Tinkling Spring, a position he held until about 1764. Between 1740 and 1749, the only years for which Tinkling Spring baptismal records are available, John and his wife had at least four, and possibly five, children; Elisabeth, William, James, George, and possibly another James (christened 26 March 1749). These are the children listed by Wilson as belonging to one of the two John Finley families in the area (the other being the John Finley family on Middle River). However, John's first wife died prior to 22 May 1750 when he divided his 892 acres and deeded two portions to his brothers. At that time, John's wife was named Mary, and while we do not know the given name of his first wife, we do know it was not Mary, since the Reverend John Thomson had another daughter named Mary who was living at that time.

Son George was baptized on 4 January 1748 by his grandfather, Reverend John Thomson. One might speculate that Reverend Thomson may have made the trip from Prince Edward County to Augusta County to baptize the last child of this daughter.

John's second wife was Mary Caldwell, whose cousin Martha Caldwell was the mother of John Caldwell Calhoun. What is known about the Caldwells is discussed in the previous chapter.

The people of Augusta County lived in relative harmony until the beginning of the French and Indian War in 1755. Augusta County men were then called upon to strengthen the lines at the frontier, but were reluctant to leave their families without protection against the Indians. When George Washington made a tour of inspection in 1756, in and around Staunton, Augusta County, his evaluation was that, "the militia are under such bad order and discipline, that they will go and come when and where they please, without regarding time, their officers, or the safety of inhabitants, but consulting solely their own inclinations."

Through all this John Finley, as a representative of Tinkling Spring, continued actively in the cause of the church, attending special meetings of the presbytery at Rockfish Meeting House beyond the Blue Ridge in 1759 and in Prince Edward County in 1760. At the next meeting of the presbytery, held at Tinkling Spring on 1 April 1761, the Reverend Richard Sankey of Buffalo, in Prince Edward County, son-in-law of Reverend John Thomson, was "continued" as moderator of the group. Tinkling Spring continued to be a favored meeting place and the Reverend John Craig also often served as the moderator. However, problems mounted after the end of the French and Indian War in 1763. Craig's original mission included serving the Stone House just north of Beverly Manor, as well asTinkling Spring, with the understanding that he would become a full time pastor for whichever could first afford his services. At the spring meeting held 5 May 1763 at Tinkling Spring, the Stone Meeting House asked for a separati on from Tinkling Spring, with a decision deferred until the next meeting.

At the fall meeting of the presbytery in Cumberland County, 3 October 1764, the first item of business, following "Suplications for Supplies," was that:

Mr Craig is dismissed from the Tinkling Spring, and sustains the pastoral relation as to the Congregation of Stone meeting House only.The elder representing Tinkling Spring at this meeting was John Finley.

He put in a request for a supply assignment at Tinkling Spring but none was made except, ". . .ministers in Augusta County, are left to their own discretion, in supplying." . . . Mr. Craig preached his farewell sermon at Tinkling Spring in November 1764.

Wilson, in discussing post war problems of the French and Indian War, summarized the situation succinctly:

Tinkling Spring people, with Rev. John Craig as their pastor, pioneered in the practice of religious freedom in the Colony of Virginia . . .

Her men, though reluctant in aggression, were invaluable in defense against Indian cruelty. They were among the stalwart leaders that turned the tide in the frontier phase of the French-British struggle out of which grew the short- lived English rule over America. Tinkling Spring's first quarter of a century of service left her a changed and weakened meeting house group.

Alexander Breckenridge, James Patton, John Preston, Archibald Stuart and John Lewis were dead by this time; John Finley, an active elder, disappears from the record, probably transferring his efforts to Brown's Meeting House; and families now removed entirely, or in part, were the Breckenridges, Lewises, Prestons, Campbells, Bells, Thompsons and others.

Wilson, who published his book in 1954, probably made the same assumptions that earlier Finley researchers made and did not realize there were two distinct contemporary John Finleys in the area. The John Finley who showed up in the records of Brown's Meeting House was the John Finley who lived on South River.

One can imagine the feelings of dismay which probably overcame John after devoting a good twenty-five years of his life to the building of Tinkling Spring. He sold his remaining interest in the Robinson property, 297 acres, to his brother William in March 1765. It is not surprising that he chose to go to Prince Edward County. This was another Scotch-Irish Presbyterian settlement adjacent to that developed by John Caldwell and the Reverend John Thomson contributed to the Buffalo settlement in Prince Edward County for a while in the late 1740s. John Finley was related by marriage to both the Thomsons and the Caldwells, and while neither were living at the time, his first wife's brother-in-law, Reverend Richard Sankey, was still actively engaged in church work there. In fact, his daughter, Elisabeth, had been living with the Sankeys before John made the move and until her marriage in January of 1764. John purchased 400 acres on Vaughan's Creek on 15 June 1765 from Jacob and Honour Garrett, and his son William bought 430 acres on Vaughan's Creek from John Caldwell on 19 August 1765. Just where this John Caldwell fits into the family in unknown, but he was most likely related to John Finley's second wife, Mary Caldwell.

John and his family lived in Prince Edward County for only about seven years and then moved on to Reed Creek area in Montgomery County (now Wythe), Virginia. It is unknown what prompted this move, but again he was moving into territory where other family and friends had located. There were two James Finleys already living there and it is strongly suspected that the elder James was a younger brother of John. Reverend Thomson's oldest daughter, Sarah, was living there with her second husband, William Sayers, who was also active in the affairs of the local Presbyterian Church at Reed Creek.

George Breckenridge, son of Alexander, who had also been one of the original commissioners of Tinkling Spring, was nearby. John settled on a 327 acre parcel on Sally Run, waters of Reed Creek, which he bought from John McFarland in November 1773. Six years later, John and "Meary", his wife, drew up articles of agreement giving their property to sons, David and Samuel, in exchange for life care. John died sometime prior to 19 August 1782, when the court ordered a deposition be taken of Mary to testify the document they drew up in 1773 was done according to his wishes.

All of the children of John Finley by either marriage have most likely not been identified.

Children of John and (Thomson) Finley include, so far as they are known:

+2 i. John2 Finley, born about 1738/39, most likely in Augusta County, Virginia.

+3 ii. Elizabeth Finley, baptized by Rev. John Craig 18 January 1740/41, Tinkling Spring, Augusta County, Virginia.

+4 iii. William Finley, baptized by Rev. John Craig 30 January 1743, Tinkling Spring, Augusta County, Virginia.

5 iv. James Finley, baptized by Rev. John Craig 8 March 1747, Tinkling Spring, Augusta County, Virginia.

+6 v. George Finley, baptized by Rev. John Thomson 4 January 1748, Tinkling Spring, Augusta County, Virginia.

A second James Finley said to have been born to this John Finley, cannot be definitely identified as the son of Thomson or of Mary Caldwell

(and it is assumed Wilson was correct in his grouping of the children into separate John Finley families).

7 vi. James Finley, baptized by Rev. John Craig 26 March 1749, Tinkling Spring, Augusta County, Virginia.

John and Mary Caldwell had at least three children, and quite possibly others:

+8 i. David2 Finley, born 1 June 1754, probably in Augusta County, Virginia.

9 ii. Samuel Finley, named heir with his brother David to his parent's plantation in Montgomery County in 1779, which they jointly sold in 1792. At that time both David and

Samuel were "of Mercer County, Kentucky." In 1785 a Samuel Finley signed a petition for the grant of land for a town site in Lincoln County. In 1789 a Samuel Finley signed a petition for the repeal of the Act of Separation.

David Finley also signed this petition. In 1795 and 1796, Samuel Findley appeared on the Madison County tax list. In 1796 a Samuel Finley was ordained as a Presbyterian minister in Madison County. He appeared on the Lincoln County tax list from 1797, at least through 1811. In 1801 he bought 100 acres in Lincoln County.

Evidence of his presence in Lincoln County continues at least through 1822, when the Rev. Samuel Finley served as President pro tem of Centre College in Danville. It is tempting to believe this Samuel Finley is David's brother, and perhaps he is. The one disquieting fact is that in the 1810 census of Lincoln County he is placed in the twenty- six to forty-five age group, too young to have inherited property in 1779. Perhaps the above records include more that one Samuel Finley.

+10 iii. Thomas Finley, born 11 February 1757, probably in Augusta County, Virginia.

!Received patent for 183 acres in 1740 and one for 300 acres in 1741 on a branch of Cathey's River ... also called Middle River (VA Land Office, Patent #19,reel 17, p. 852; Patent #20, reel 18, p. 83). Only Finley listed in Augusta County Militia in 1742 in Company No. 1, James Patton, Col. and John Smith, Capt. (William Armstrong Crozier, "Virginia Colonial Militia," Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954, p. 91). John Finla assigned to open road from Andrew Hamilton in Calf Pasture through Jennings Gap to John Finlas, 9 December 1745 (Chalkley I:13). Chalkley I:18, III:255, III:271, II:433, II:436, III:276, II:442, II:440, III:358, III:462, III:470, II:407, I:177, III:128, II:408, I:200, all place him in Middle River area from 1746 to 1778. This includes a deed from John and Thankful Finley to son, George for 176 acres on 7 November 1767 (Chalkley II:462) and payment to Thankful Finley by Samuel Craig on 17 March 1773 (Chalkley III:128).

He appears on tax list in Middle River area, Capt. McKittricks Co., taken 10 April 1783 (LDS film #00292288). He also appears on personal property tax list of 1786 and 1787 with son David. This must be the John Finley who wrote his will 17 August 1791 (WB 7:404), naming son, David, as executor.

David subsequently sells the property first patented by this John Finley in 1741 and 1768 (DB 28:268).


Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia.
Extracted from the originial court records of Augusta County, 1745-1800. vol. 1.
Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1966.

Volume 1
(xxx) = page number
page 30: court records, order book I, August 19, 1747

(246) Daniel Gawen, a servant boy of SAML. DOAK, adjudged to be 12 years old.
page 66: order book IV, November 22, 1754

(331) SAML. DOAK and John Mitchell, guardians of the orphans of John Greer...settled accounts.
page 120: order book IX, April 15, 1765

(335) Wm. Elliott, provisions. John Finley, provisions. Mary Trimble, relict of John Trimble, for horse of John's impressed and provisions.
Wm. Armstrong, provisions. Henry Criswell, horse impressed. Samuel Wilson, provisions and horse impressed. John Miller, provisions.
DAVID DOAGE, provisions. Ralph Laverty, provisions. Thos. Beard, provisions. John Trimble, provisions.
Nathan Gilliland, carriage of "flower." John McClary, provisions.
page 144: order book XI, March 15, 1768

(489) Hemp certificates: Peachy Ridgeway Gilmore, DAVID DOAK, John McKee, Jacob Anderson, Ro. Allison, Rob. Rodgers.
page 157: order book XIII, June 22, 1769

(222) Following recommended for appointment as Justices: Mathew Harrison, William Ingles, William Christian, George Mathews, John McClenachan, James Robertson, Stephen Trigg, William Horbert, Philip Love, Anthony Bledsoe, John Bowman, John Thomas, ROBERT DOAGE and John Montgomery. The following to be left off and reasons given to the Governor by the Clerk: John Chizwell, John Wilson, John Archer, Alexr. Boyd, David Robinson, Benj. Estill, John Maxwell, Charles Lewis, Andrew Bird, Richard Woods.
page 158: order book XIII, August 16, 1769

(324) Following recommended as Justices, viz: Mat. Harrison, Wm. Ingles, Wm. Christian, George Mathews, John McClenachan, James Robertson, Stephen Trigg, Wm. Herbert, Philip Love, Anthony Bledsoe, John Bowman, John Thomas, ROBERT DOAGE, John Montgomery, Alexr. Thompson, James Craig, Walter Crockett, Andrew Lockridge, Walter Cunningham, and James McGavock. The following to be left off, reasons to be given by the Clerk and former order discharged, viz: John Chiswell, John Buchanan, John Wilson, John Archer, John Maxwell, Charles Lewis, Alexr. 245: order book XIX, April 19, 1786

(360) William Casteel, son of Jinny Jewell, to be bound to JOHN DOAK.
page 249: order book XX, April 18, 1787

(254) Militia officers recommended: Captains, William Shields, ROBERT DOAK; Lieutenants, Wm. Bell, John Gamble, James Mitchell; Ensigns, Wm. Bell, Jr., Alexr. Reed, James McCune, David Williams, Wm Brownlee, Wm. Henderson.
page 272: order book XXII, March 25, 1793

(258) James Bratton, William Shields, ROBERT DOAK, John McCutchen, and Augustine Argenbright as Captains in 2d Battalion...recommended.
page 274: order book XXII, July 16, 1793

(302) ROBERT DOAK and James Frazer qualified, see pages 258-9.
page 289: order book XXIV, August 21, 1798

(339-341) JOHN DOAKE qualified Major of 2d Battalion, 32d Regiment, 7th Brigade.
County Court Judgments
These notes are to the files of papers in the County Court marked "Judgments." These are the original papers in suits and causes that were instituted or adjudicated in this Court. They are filed in bundles, wrapped, and labeled withthe term at which final judgment was entered. The references are to the bundle first and then to the style of the suit where the paper noted may be found. The letters used in designating the bundle are private marking and not a part of the official label.

Following the County Court Judgments, there are some pages of notes to the original petitions and miscellaneous papers which are filed with the original wills, settlements, &c. It is not possible to fix the date of these papers in many instances more definitely than that they were presented to the Court within the period set out on the label of the package.
page 294: August, 1746
Patrick Hays vs. SAMUEL DOAK.--Defendant brother of JOHN DOAK.
17th April 1746.
page 404: March, 1795
Samuel Blackwood, William Blackwood, Joseph Blackwood, by Walter Davies, guardian, Ann Blackwood, Eleanor Blackwood, Rebecca Blackwood, Robert Scott and Mary, his wife, formerly Mary Blackwood, v. Mark Hadden (Hatton).---Spa. Chancery. 7th April, 1793.....1782, cash paid JAMES DOAK for teaching two of the children...

page 497: paper found between leaves of order book XI, page 90
(note: order book XI begins March 23, 1767 and ends March 18, 1768)
To the Worshipful Court of Augusta County the Petition of the Inhabitants of Reedy Creek Humbly Sheweth:--- That whereas we, your petitioners, for some time past have been debarred settling and improving and cultivating our patent lands on the Western Waters, the reason whereof is best known to our legislators, but by virtue of the late treaty held to the northward, we hope we may, without offense, petition your worships to give orders that there may be alterations and amendments made on the old road leading from Capt. Ingle's Ferry to James Davis's, on the head of the Holston River, and appoint such surveyors as you in your wisdom shall think fit, and your petitioners, as in duty bound, will pray. (Signed) Joseph Black, James Holice, John Montgomery, Robt. Montgomery, James Montgomery, George Breckenridge, Alexander Breckenridge, Robert Breckenridge, Robert Campbell, ROBERT DOACK, WILLIAM DOACK, William Sayers, Arthur Campbell, William Davis, James Hays, Samuel Hopes, William Leftwich, Gasper Gender, George Gender, Jacob Kinder, William Phips, John Houncal, Barnet Small, John Smith, John Bets, Robert Buchanan, Robert Davis, Samuel McAdam, James Davis, Nicholas Buchanan, Alex. Buchanan.

Volume II
page 32: judgments, April 1806
Peter R. Beverley vs. JOHN DOAKE -- Deposition of Thomas Mitchell, 14th October, 1805, aged 73, says: SAMUEL DOAK lived on the land in dispute upwards of sixty years ago and John has lived on it ever since Sam's Death. Deposition of Hugh Fulton, 14th October, 1805, aged 77, says: He was acquainted with Samuel, father of John.

page 80: circuit court causes ended
Peter Kinder vs. SAMUEL DOAK -- O.S. 40; N.S. 14 -- Bill 16th June, 1802. In 1770, Andrew Little made a settlement on waters of Reed Creek, then in Fincastle, now Wythe, and a short time afterwards transferred it to John Riley, who sold to orator. In 1775 SAMUEL DOAK, from a military warrant under the King of Great Britain's proclamation, had a survey made including above settlement. The warrant to Samuel was dated 1773, and under the proclamation of 1763. SAMUEL DOAK went to live in North Carolina (now Tennessee) about 1789, and has never returned. Answer states that in 1768 ROBERT DOAK, for and on behalf of SAMUEL DOAK, sowed some turnips on the land but made no actual settlement. In 1770 Jacob Young made an improvement on the same tract but removed to Holstein and conveyed his claim to Samuel. In 1771 Samuel built a cabin and afterwards Andrew Little built a cabin but never lived in it. George Boyd, of Stuart County, Tenn., deposes 3d December, 1804.

page 123: circuit court causes ended
Charles Cumming vs. Walker -- O.S. 135; N.S. 47 -- Bill, March 1803.
Thomas Armstrong was an early setttler on the lands granted Dr. Thomas Walker in Fincastle County, known as Wolf Hill tract adjoining James Pifer. Armstrong sold to Robert Breckinridge, who sold to orator. Alexander Breckinridge deposes 10th June 1803, in Bourbon County, Ky. Deed 25th August, 1800, by Francis Walker and Jane B., his wife, to Charles Cummin of Washington County. Recorded in District Court at Washington Court House, 3d October, 1800. Robert Breckinridge, aged 60, deposes in Montgomery County, Ky., 5th June, 1803: In 1771 or 72 he purchased a part of the Wolf Hill tract. John Davis and James Pifer depose, 1803, that they have been neighbors of Rev. Chas. Cummins near 30 years. Alexr. Breckinridge's deposition:
In 1769 ROBERT DOKE said he was agent for Dr. Thomas Walker to lay off the Wolf Hill tract. In November same year he went and chose a tract and built a cabin on it and in 1770 moved there.

page 276: marriage licenses in Augusta County
30 October 1762 DAVID DOAGE.

page 278: marriage licenses in Augusta County
28 March 1774 ROBERT DOACK.

page 283: marriage bonds, Augusta County
27 September 1786, John Milliken and ISABELLA DOAK: surety, Robert Torbet.

page 301: marriage bonds, Augusta County
6 January 1787, James Berry and JENNIE DOAK, daughter of DAVID and JANNET DOAK (consent). Teste: ROBERT DOAK, JOHN DOAK.

page 327: marriage bonds, Augusta County 10 April 1797, John Lilley and ROBERT DOAK, Alex. St. Clair, sureties, John Lilley and ELIZABETH DOAK, daughter of ROBERT DOAK.
"This day John Doak made oath that John Lilley, who is about to intermarry with his daughter, Elizabeth, is above the age of 21 years.

page 333: marriage bonds, Augusta County
11 March 1799, John Lerew and SAML. DOKE, Jno. McClelland, sureties. John Lerew and ELIZABETH DOKE, daughter of DAVID DOKE, sister to SAML. DOKE, and of age. John is son of Jacob Larew, who consents. Teste: Benj. Larew.

page 347: record of marriages in Augusta County
28 September 1786, John Millihen and ISABELLA DOAK. 10 January 1787, James Berry and JENNY DOAK.

page 356: record of marriages in Augusta County
11 April 1797, Jno. Lilley and ELIZABETH DOAK.

page 417: delinquents
1755, Geo. Breckinridge, twice charged; SAM. DOAK, Constable.

page 418: delinquents 1756, DAVID DOAK, Constable; Barnet Finley, listed soldier.

page 434: Augusta Parish Vestry Book

page 17 -- James Fulton and John Mitchell make returns, viz: 1748, 26th March, processioned for SAMUEL DOAK, present Samuel Braford; Processioned for John Mitchell, present SAMUEL DOAK; processioned for Samuel Braford, present SAMUEL DOAK; processioned for DAVID DOAK, present Samuel Wilson; processioned for George Breckinridge, present. ---- Breckenridge.

page 442: Augusta Parish Vestry Book

page 161 -- SAMUEL DOAK and John Tate, in Captain James Mitchell's Company. (1755)

page 444: Augusta Parish Vestry Book

1756: Processioned by John Tate and SAMUEL DOAK, in Cap. James Mitchell's Company, for SAML. DOAK, for DAVID DOAK.

page 456: Augusta Parish Vestry Book

page 441 -- for DAVID DOAKE, for SAMUEL DOAKE. (1767-68)

page 508-509: The Preston Papers, copies of musters of Augusta County....The date of the Musters has been fixed by Mr. Joseh A. Waddell, the author of the most delightful, exhaustive and valuable work, "The Annals of Augusta County," as the year 1742. Capt. John Christian's List: George Breakinsed, Alex. Brackinsedg, Rob. Brackinsedg, James Brackinsedg, JNO. DOACKE, SAM DOACKE.

Volume III

page 8: will book 1
(64) 14th September, 1747. David Steele's will--Farmer, son Robert, plantation; wife; son, Nathaniel; daughters, Martha Teas, Isabella McCluer, 5 shillings; daughters, Rebecka, Jannet. Executors, SAMUEL DOAK and Robert Ramsey; refused to execute. Teste: Wm. Steel, Geo. Brakenridge, Robert Alexander. Proved, 18th November, 1747, by Brakenridge and Alexander.

page 15: will book 1
(213) 1st December, 1749. Executor's bond as above; surety, SAMUEL DOAKE. (above = will of DAniel Denniston of Beverley Manor)

page 18: will book 1
(275) 15th September, 1750. John Greer's nuncupative will...
Executors, John Mitchell and SAMUEL DOAK. Teste: James Cowin, Jno. Mitchell, SAML. DOAK, Francis Beatey.

page 26: will book 1
(447) 24th August, 1752. John Mitchell and SAMUEL DOAGE'S bond as guardians (appointed) of Rebecca, Alexander, Martha, Mary Greer, orphans of John Greer, deceased, with sureties Francis Beatey.

page 30: will book 1
(516) 15th August, 1753. John Brownlee's bond as guardian (appointed) to Alexander McNutt, orphan of James McNutt, with sureties SAMUEL DOAKE and Arthur Hamilton.

page 108: will book 4
(203) 2d February, 1769. Robert Wilson's estate appraised (Mary Wilson, executrix), by John Tate, Robert Alexander, John Fulton, DAVID DOACK.

page 123: will book 4
(497) 5th November, 1771. SAML DOAK'S will, farmer--To wife, Jane; to daughter, Elinor, unmarried; to wife, to have disposal of all household furniture at her Pleasure to her 3 daughters, Elinor, Mary, Isbel; to son, John; to oldest son, David, plantation David now lives on as ROBERT DOAK laid it off; to son, Samuel, plantation at head waters of Rockfish in Amherst; to son, John, plantation testator lives on; to son, Robert, tract testator formerly lived on in Rockfish, joining Capt. Crawford; daughters, Jane and Elizabeth. Executors, wife Jane, son David, son-in-law Wm. Brown. Brother-in-law John Finley and John Tate to advise executors. Teste: John and James Mitchel, William Tate, John Tate, Jr. Proved, 19th May, 1772, by James Mitchel and the Tates. DAVID DOACK qualifies with John Tate, Nathaniel Steel.

page 124: will book 4
(520) 10th June, 1772. SAML. DOACK'S estate appraised by John Ward, James Mitchell, James Meteer.

page 161: will book VI
(227) 9th January, 1782. James Fulton's estate appraised by James Brownlee, ROBT. DOAK, Thomas Boyd.

page 194: will book VII
(358) 29th March, 1791. Wm. Moffett, Alex. Gibson, ROBT. DOAK elected overseers of poor.

page 201: will book VIII
(66) 2d August, 1793. James Meteer's will--To wife, Elizabeth; to 3 sons, William, James, Samuel. Executors, wife Elizabeth and son William. Teste: Samuel McCutchen, DAVID DOAK, James Mitchell, John Walce, SAMUEL DOAK. Proved, September Court, 1793, by the Doaks and James Mitchell, Jr. Executors qualify.

page 222: will book IX
(215) 26th June, 1799. DAVID DOAK'S will--To wife, Jennet; to sons, Samuel and David; to daughter, Jenny Berry; daughter, Rosannah Doak; to daughter, Betsy; to 5 daughters, viz: Aggy, Fanny, Darcos, Polly, Elly; to son, Hugh. Executors, wife Jennet, sons Samuel and David. Guardian. James Berry. Teste: Thos. Mitchell, James and Samuel Meteer. Proved, 28th June, 1802. Jennet refuses.
Others qualify.

page 225: will book IX
(360) 24th June, 1803. Samuel Meteer's will--To brother, James (tract devised to testator by father, and tract falling to testator by brother William); to sister, Betsey; brother, James; sister Sally's son, William.
Executors, sister Betsey and brother James. Teste: Thomas Mitchell, SAMUEL and DAVID DOAK. Proved, 26th March, 1804. Executors qualify.

page 228: will book X (53) 21st March, 1804. JOHN DOAK'S will--To son, John; sons, Samuel and Thomas Mitchell Doak; to daughter, Julia; daughter, Nancy; daughter, Rosannah; daughter, Betsey Wilson Doak; son, Washington; son, David. Executors, brothers Vory(?), Robert, Samuel, Sr., and David Doak. Teste: Samuel Brown, James Mitchell, Sr. and Jr. Proved, 23d June, 1806. Executors qualified.

page 229: will book X
(116) 6th August, 1806. Thomas Mitchell, Sr.'s will--To son, William; son, Thomas; daughter, Elizabeth Mitchell; daughter, Ibby Mitchell; daughter, Jenny Meteer; granddaughter, Betty McClure; grandson, Thomas McClure; granddaughter, Polly McClure. Executors, friend Thomas Mitchell and John Wilson. Teste: W. Wilson, ROBT. DOAK, John, James, and Thos. Mitchell. Proved, 23d March, 1807. Jno. Wilson refused; Thomas qualified.

page 231: will book X
(155) Martin Miller's will--To son, Henry's children, viz: Martin and others; to son-in-law, Luke Collins, executor. Teste: ROBT. DOAK, David Shultz, Godlieb Stone. Proved 23d November, 1807. Executor qualifies.

page 239: will book XI
(182) 25th October, 1812. James Mateer's will--To wife, Jane McTeer; to four children, William McTeer, Mitchel McTeer, Eliza McTeer, Isabella McTeer; brother, William. Executors, wife Jane, Thos. Mitchell, Jr.; Daniel Henderson. Teste: Thos. Jackson, ROBT. DOAKE, DORCAS M. DOAKE, NANCY DOAKE. Proved, December Court, 1812. Jane and Thomas qualify.

page 252: deed book l
(23) 10th February, 1745-6. George and Robert Brackenridge to DAVID DOACK, L42, Virginia money; 300 acres in Beverley Manor, being the tract George now lives on. Acknowledged by both, 10th February, 1745-6.

page 261: deed book 1
(280) 12th August 1747. Wm. Beverley, of Essex, to James Lynn, 538 acres in Beverley Manor on South River, Shanando; SAMUEL DOAK'S land; Patrick Campbell's land; Brownlee's land; George Brackenridge's land. Teste: Robt. Davis, Jno. Mitchell, W. Russell. Proved by all witnesses, 19th August, 1747.

page 261: deed book 1
(314) 13th August, 1747. Wm. Beverley to Samuel Brawford, farmer, L6 current money Virginia; 200 acres in Beverley Manor; corner John Buchanan; corner John Mitchell and SAMUEL DOAGE. Witnessed and proved as above.

page 262: deed book 1
(317) 13th August, 1747. Wm. Beverley to John Mitchell, L20; 609 acres in Beverley Manor; corner to Samuel Brafford; John Buchanan's land; Patrick Campbell's land; crossing South River; SAMUEL DOAK'S land. Witnessed and proved as above.

page 262: deed book 1
(330) 13th August, 1747. Wm. Beverley to Helen Mitchell, widow, L6.8.6; 200 acres in Beverley Manor; Brackenridge's line; corner to Teat's line; corner to DAVID DOAK; John Lockhart's corner; John Teat's land. Witnessed and proved as above.

page 266: deed book 1
(451) 19th November, 1747. L41. JOHN DOAGE, farmer, to Richard Burton, farmer, 400 acres on James River on west side Blue Ridge patented to John, 12th January, 1746. Teste: James Porteus, Benj. Johnston. Acknowledged, 19th November, 1747.

page 286: deed book 2
(757) 22d May, 1750. James Lynn to Andrew Lynn, 269 acres in Beverley Manor, SAML. DOAK'S line, Buffler Hill; corner Jno. Teat and Saml. Wilson. Teste: Andrew Cowan, Elijah McClenachan, John Ramsey.

page 298: deed book 3
(505) 19th August, 1751. James Lynn, architectus, to Samuel Braford, 269 acres in Beverley Manor; corner Andrew Lynn; corner Brownlee; corner George Breckinridge (Sarah, wife of James). Teste: Jno. Mitchell, SAML. DOACK, Andrew Lynn.

page 313: deed book 5
(272) Samuel Braford and Ann to Elizabeth Mateer (McAttore), alias Wright, widow. Sold by Beverley to Samuel Brawford in Beverley Manor. Cor. Samuel's tract purchased of John Buchanon; lines of John Mitchell and SAMUEL DOACK. Delivered to James Mateer, 1774. Teste: Wm. Finley, Wm. Wright.

page 337: deed book 7
(132) 1755. Same to DAVID DOAK, L3, 100 acres in Beverley Manor; corner said Doak's old survey. Delivered: ROBERT DOAK, March, 1768.

page 338: deed book 7
(165) 3d June, 1755. Saml. Wilson, plantationer, to Robt. Wilson, farmer, L55, 461 acres in Beverley Manor, part of 761 acres granted by Beverely to Geo. and Rob. Breckinridge. 26th November, 1742, and said 461 acres were sold by Geo. and Ro. to Saml., 8th February, 1745; corner DAVID DOAK.

page 357: deed book 8
(198) 20th November, 1759. Helenor (Helander) ( ) Mitchell to Robt. Mitchell, L5, 200 acres in Beverley Manor, Robt. Wilson's line; corner Jno. Teate (Tate), DAVID DOACK'S land; Jno. Lockart's corner. Teste: James Kowan.

page 368: deed book 9
(247) 19th May, 1761. John Mitchel to Thomas Mitchel, L10, 234 acres in Beverley Manor, part of 609 acres conveyed to John by Beverley, 13th August, 1747; cor. Samuel Braford. Teste: John Finley, Robert Wilson, DAVID DOACK. Delivered: Thos. Mitchell, 3d November, 1765.

page 435: deed book 12
(323) 15th October, 1765. Nathaniel Evins and Mary to John Alcorn, L30, 120 acres on a branch of Looney"s Creek. Delivered: ROBERT DOAGE, October Court, 1769.

page 453: deed book 13
(311) 18th May, 1767. Thomas Teat (Tate) and Ann to George Bright, L28, 170 acres in Beverley Manor on the head of a branch of Sourth River; David Hays line. Teste: James Tate, Wm. Campbell, ROBERT DOAK. Delivered: George Bright, November, 1770.

page 464: deed book 14
(192) 16th March, 1768. David Steel to Nathaniel Steel, L---, 3 1/2 acres in Beverley Manor. Teste: William McAdow, ROBERT DOAK, Thomas Steel. Delivered: Nathaniel Steel, April, 1773.

page 477: deed book 15
(186) 15th November, 1768. William Dean and Mary to Hugh Davis, of York County, Pennsylvania, L5, 550 acres in Beverley Manor, part of 800 acres formerly belonging to Patrick Cook; corner William Dean; corner David Campbell. Teste: Patt. Cunningham, DAVID DOACK.
Delivered: Hugh Davis, March, 1770.

page 487: deed book 15
(474) 16th May, 1769. DAVID DOACK and Mary ( ) to John Alexander, of York County, Pennsylvania, L310, 400 acres. Teste: Randal Lockhart, John Finley, WILLIAM DOACK. Delivered: DAVID DOACK, November, 1771.

page 514: deed book XVII
(438) 18th November 1771. John Alexander to Nathaniel Steel, mortgage, L120, tract whereon John now lives, 400 acres conveyed to him by DAVID DOAGE and whereon he formerly lived. Teste: Francis Patton, DAVID DOAGE. Delivered: Nathaniel Steel, April, 1773.

page 525: deed book 19
(5) 17th November, 1772. John Alexander and Mary to David Humphress in Beverley Manor. First sold by Beverley to George Breckinridge and by him transferred to DAVID DOAK. Delivered: David Humphries, 24th November, 1774.

page 556: deed book 22
(384) 16th June, 1778. Privy examination of Mary, wife of Joseph Love, of Montgomery County (deed, 9th August, 1777, to Richard Payne), before Wm Davis and WM. DOACK.

page 557: deed book 22
(482) 16th March, 1779. Andrew Linn, Benjamin Lowrey and Sarah, of Mecklinburg County, North Carolina, to ROBERT DOACK, on South River, a hill called the bufler (Buffalo?) hill.

page 561: deed book 23
(144) Teste: Hugh Tarbet, ROBERT and DAVID DOAK.

page 565: deed book 23
(456) 16th April, 1782. John Waddle (Signed in German and apparently some other name--Null?) and Mary ( ) Waddle, to the Congregation adhering to Bethel Meeting House, part of the tract John now lives on, on waters of Christian's Creek. Delivered: ROBERT DOACK, one of the grantees.

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